NXP PN512 13.56MHz NFC解决方案 - 通信/网络 - 电子工程网
NXP公司的PN512是工作频率为13.56MHz的高度集成收发器IC,主要用在工作频率为13.56MHz的无接触通信,通信距离为50mm.PN512支持四种不同的工作模式: ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE 和FeliCa读/写器, ISO/IEC 14443B 读/写器, ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE和FeliCa 卡模式和NFCIP-1模式.通信速率高达424 kbps,器件集成了CRC协处理器,内部有自检测试和可编程的I/O引脚.本文介绍了PN512主要特性和优势, 方框图和多种读/写模式框图, 典型应用电路以及PN51x 演示板电路图, 和天线间的放大和匹,PCB布局图与基于PN512的OM5597/RD2612 POS参考设计框图.
The PN512 is a highly integrated transceiver IC for contactless communication at 13.56 MHz. This transceiver IC utilizes an outstanding modulation and demodulation concept completely integrated for different kinds of contactless communication methods and protocols at 13.56 MHz.
The PN512 transceiver ICs support 4 different operating modes
Reader/Writer mode supporting ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE and FeliCa scheme
Reader/Writer mode supporting ISO/IEC 14443B
Card Operation mode supporting ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE and FeliCa scheme
Enabled in Reader/Writer mode for ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE, the PN512’s internal transmitter part is able to drive a reader/writer antenna designed to communicate with ISO/IEC 14443A/ MIFARE cards and transponders without additional active circuitry.
The receiver part provides a robust and efficient implementation of a demodulation and decoding circuitry for signals from ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE compatible cards and transponders. The digital part handles the complete ISO/IEC 14443A framing and error detection (Parity CRC).
The PN512 supports MIFARE 1K or MIFARE 4K emulation products. The PN512 supports contactless communication using MIFARE higher transfer speeds up to 424 kbit/s in both directions.
Enabled in Reader/Writer mode for FeliCa, the PN512 transceiver IC supports the FeliCa communication scheme. The receiver part provides a robust and efficient implementation of the demodulation and decoding circuitry for FeliCa coded signals. The digital part handles the FeliCa framing and error detection like CRC. The PN512 supports contactless communication using FeliCa Higher transfer speeds up to 424 kbit/s in both directions.
The PN512 supports all layers of the ISO/IEC 14443B reader/writer communication scheme, given correct implementation of additional components, like oscillator, power supply, coil etc. and provided that standardized protocols, e.g. like ISO/IEC 14443-4 and/or ISO/IEC 14443B anticollision are correctly implemented.
In Card Operation mode, the PN512 transceiver IC is able to answer to a reader/writer command either according to the FeliCa or ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE card interface scheme. The PN512 generates the digital load modulated signals and in addition with an external circuit the answer can be sent back to the reader/writer. A complete card functionality is only possible in combination with a secure IC using the S2C interface. Additionally, the PN512 transceiver IC offers the possibility to communicate directly to an NFCIP-1 device in the NFCIP-1 mode. The NFCIP-1 mode offers different communication mode and transfer speeds up to 424 kbit/s according to the Ecma 340 and ISO/IEC 18092 NFCIP-1 Standard. The digital part handles the complete NFCIP-1 framing and error detection.
Various host controller interfaces are implemented:
8-bit parallel interface1
serial UART (similar to RS232 with voltage levels according pad voltage supply)
Highly integrated analog circuitry to demodulate and decode responses
Buffered output drivers for connecting an antenna with the minimum number of external components
Integrated RF Level detector
Integrated data mode detector
Supports ISO/IEC 14443 A/MIFARE
Supports ISO/IEC 14443 B Read/Write modes
Typical operating distance in Read/Write mode up to 50 mm depending on the antenna size and tuning
Typical operating distance in NFCIP-1 mode up to 50 mm depending on the antenna size and tuning and power supply
Typical operating distance in ISO/IEC 14443A/MIFARE card or FeliCa Card Operation mode of about 100 mm depending on the antenna size and tuning and the external field strength
Supports MIFARE 1K or MIFARE 4K emulation encryption in Reader/Writer mode
ISO/IEC 14443A higher transfer speed communication at 212 kbit/s and 424 kbit/s
Contactless communication according to the FeliCa scheme at 212 kbit/s and 424 kbit/s
Integrated RF interface for NFCIP-1 up to 424 kbit/s
Additional power supply to directly supply the smart card IC connected via S2C #1048708; Supported host interfaces
SPI up to 10 Mbit/s
I2C-bus interface up to 400 kBd in Fast mode, up to 3400 kBd in High-speed mode
RS232 Serial UART up to 1228.8 kBd, with voltage levels dependant on pin voltage supply
8-bit parallel interface with and without Address Latch Enable
FIFO buffer handles 64 byte send and receive
Flexible interrupt modes
Hard reset with low power function
Power-down mode per software
Internal oscillator for connection to 27.12 MHz quartz crystal
2.5 V to 3.6 V power supply
Programmable I/O pins